So I'm back again with the break down of another journal article! The reason why I chose this journal article is because of this amazingly summarized picture as above above. Can you see that ALL end points lead to "HUMAN HEALTH RISK". One way or another, even if e-waste is recycled, it would ultimately threaten us to a certain extent.
Moreover, this article is comprehensive as it gives an overview of the CURRENT situation and solutions of e-waste, especially in the developed countries. Through this article, we can actually see if actions speak more than words.
Current E-waste Management
Effectiveness of E-waste Management in Greece:
An e-waste management system that helps to take back and treat e-waste was started back in 2004, and it had helped to recycle up to 47 kilotons of e-waste in 2008 alone. HOWEVER, this system is current unregulated and not controlled, resulting unofficial collection of e-waste by street vendors, peddlers, etc. The daily exposure to these e-waste can cause serious health damages to these street vendors and peddlers, for they do not have the correct safety equipment to sort the e-waste.
Effectiveness of E-waste Management in Switzerland:
The fact that it was the first country to have an official e-waste management system would mean that their system would be a mature and comprehensive one. In general, Switzerland has quite an effective management system, for consumers have greater convenience in recycling their e-waste products, and producers have producers have full responsibility of their e-waste products. As a result, only a mere 2% of e-waste products that cannot be recovered end up in landfills, significantly lowering the risk of human health.
Effectiveness of E-waste Management in Japan:
Well, their e-waste management system is only effective if there is a mutual social responsibility and discipline. This is because consumers pay to return their e-waste products....so unless you're rich enough I don't think many would care to pay money to recycle, but rather dispose them properly?
*All pictures in this post are found in the journal article, link can be found in reference.
GAIDAJIS, G., ANGELAKOGLOU, K., AKTSOGLOU, D. (2010) E-waste: Environmental Problems and Current Management. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Review. [Online] 3(1). p. 193-199. Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/49607064_E-waste_Environmental_Problems_and_Current_Management [Accessed: 25 October 2015]